How to reduce CO2 gap between Business As Usual and a Green STRING Corridor Scenario while expanding business
Large scale infrastructure investments, in Denmark specifically the Great Belt Bridge and the Øresund Bridge to Sweden, show us that we can expect the Fixed Link under the Fehmarn Belt to generate economic growth and interaction between the regions in the STRING-corridor.

Traditionally there is a close relationship between growth in economic activity and traffic volumes, with the latter being a challenge for the political target of reducing the climate effects from the transport sector. Aiming for a green transport corridor the challenge will be to initiate an efficient use of the new railway investments in the corridor in order to capture substantial parts of the expected growth in freight and  passenger transport. And to promote and implement new fossil free infrastructure for the road transport in order to deviate from the "business as usual" scenario.

Gap-seminar on double-tour Hamburg and Copenhagen

How to make the transport og goods and passengers efficient in terms of accessibility, mobility and climate effects has been a central theme in the Green STRING Corridor project.. Econiomic growth and development is a gain for all involved - a growth in CO2 emissions is not. These aspects are important and therefore the Green STRING Corridor held two separate seminars for an impressive total of 60 participants spanning almost 40 important and relevant organisations in both Hamburg and Copenhagen.

3.1 million ton Co2 Gap
To illustrate the challenge of developing a green transport corridor COWI A/S was commissioned to make an analysis that has resulted in report titled Climate and Business-related effects of a Green STRING Transport Corridor Øresund-Hamburg. LINK. The report that was presented at the seminars illustrate a large gap between "business as usual" based on existing prognosis on the traffic development and what the report defines as
Green STRING Corridor target scenario, based on the European Comission's overall targets for transport and climate. This target scenario is based on:


30 % reduction in 1990 CO2 emissions by 2030

30 % long distance transport on sea and rail

Estimated on Femern A/S's recent Environmental Impact Assessment the calculations show a very significant gap with the "Business As Usual" gap rocketing to 300 % higher than the Green STRING Corridor target scenario. As of 2013 the gap is a 1.6 million ton gap and the suggested projection is a 3.1 million ton gap at 2030.



Cowi gap


Behavioural change, technological improvements or political legislation

The questions put to the participants were the tough kind. What can we do to minimise the gap? There are many possible ways - some are easier to implement than others. Possibilities include working hard for the modal split for 30 % freight by rail and sea. Other ways are exploiting trade imbalances making sure of reducing the numbers of empty trucks returning to Germany from Scandinavia. Others are persuing new technologies and establishing alternative fuel infrastructures, such as LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas), bio fuels and electricity. For the transport businesses there is one overpowering concern: Will the costumers pay
for a "green" product? If not it will be very difficult to expect the industry to make the first move. So what will come first? A behavioural change from either costumers and industry, technological improvements or political legislation?

Participants at the semiar:


Andresen Analyse
Baltic Development Forum
BALTIC Facility Solutions GmbH & Co. KG
BA-Trade Consultants
BehØrde für Wirtschaft, Verkehr und Innovation Hamburg 
Campus Køge
CELF - Center for Erhvervsrettede uddannelser Lolland Falster 
Copenhagen Capacity 
Copenhagen Malmø Port  
Culinarium Haasch Fehmarnbelt B&B
Dansk Industri 
Dantax Steuerberatungsgesellschaft mbH
Econima AB
Fachsprecher Verkehr Bezirksfraktion CDU Wandsbek
FBBC - FehmarnBelt Business Council
Femern A/S 
Geschäftsführender Gesellschafter - Hanseatic Transport Consultancy
Gödecke Eurotrans GmbH
Handelskammer Hamburg
Jobcenter Sorø 
Kreis Ostholstein
Malmø Stad
Netværket Syd
Oreby Mølle 
Region Hovedstaden
Region Sjælland              
Roskilde Universitet 
Siemens A/S 
STRING Network 
Stöbich Brandschutz
Sund & Bælt Holding A/S
Syddansk Universitet
Transport Data Lab


By Anine Asklund and Sandrina Lohse