Is there potential for cluster development within transport and logistics in the STRING region?
The Green STRING Corridor project is coming to an end, but with the Declaration of Cooperation, these actors have agreed to continue and develop the cooperation. The goal is to strengthen the transport and logistics sector within the corridor by creating new, innovative transport and logistics solutions across industries and geography.



But in which stage of cluster development are these initiatives at? What could a future working process look like and what are relevant issues to be considered? WE wanted to be able to answer the following questions:


- How does change infrastructure affect the transport and logistics sector? How will the Fehmarn belt fixed link affect the transport and logistics sector?

- Why look at cross-cluster collaboration and what are the potentials for collaboration with other sectors in the STRING corridor? 

In one of the last studies for the Green STRING Corridor project COWI presents us with an overview of the status of the transport and logistics clusters development in the STRING corridor (see more detailed description in the report). Read more about the initiatives in the report chapter 3.






Possible impacts of infrastructure development on the transport and logistics sector


COWIs indicates that the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link will reduce distances and thereby increase density within the corridor and therefore expand market areas for the transport and logistics sector, and also for industries where transport and logistics make up a key part of the value chain. This means an increase in the volume and speed by which goods move through the corridor. The increased density will mean that new markets reach beyond critical mass and may form the basis for new business areas for transport and logistics companies. Via the tunnel it will be possible to increase the frequency of transport in the corridor, making it possible to deliver goods within tighter time frames.



The consequence of the improved infrastructure will be increased competition within the transport and logistics sector. The potential for growth and development in the sector will depend on internal differences within the industry, based on the assumption that the greater differences across the corridor, the better the opportunities for mutual benefits in the three regions. Also, it is likely that the budding clusters in the corridor will benefit from the strengthened link to the Hamburg cluster and the access to the rest of Europe. Thereby, the improved infrastructure will contribute positively to developing these budding clusters.




Cross sector development themes


Green transitionis high on the political agendas across the corridor, and a number of initiatives are being carried out with green transition in mind. Increased use of alternative fuels, recycling and modern waste management generate a need for specialised transport and logistics solutions, which may set the setting for a future cooperation. Furthermore, the analysis points to the wind turbine industry, which is strongly represented in the corridor and depends on a number of transport-services for production and installation, which may be a focal point for cross-sector cooperation. In this way, the relations among trading partners are developing and will affect the transport and logistics sector.


The health care and welfare sectoris generally strong in the corridor and undergoing a rapid development, where new technological solutions, such as telemedicine and new centralised hospital units, reduce the industry's demand for transport in the traditional sense. At the same time, the industry still depends on a number of specialised transport and logistics services, e.g., focusing on security, just-in-time solutions and advanced storage solutions (e.g., vendor managed inventory), which along with the development within the industry opens new opportunities for cooperating on new innovative solutions.  The fixed link across Fehmarn Belt may be expected to affect especially the flow of transport to and from companies.


The need for thefoods sectoris affected by a range of development trends. The increasing demand for fresh organic foods, especially in large cities, provides a basis for rethinking what transport solutions are needed to meet this demand. Similarly, the abattoir industry is undergoing a series of changes, and the food industry is increasingly outsourcing production by outsourcing labour-intensive work processes to German and Polish abattoirs, which use cheaper labour. This creates an increasing need for transport across the corridor. The current development on the organisational level may be expected to affect the transport and logistics sector in a similar manner.

Together with the cooperation partner, COWI identified three basic prerequisites that have to be provided by the cooperation partners to fulfill the ambitions for a future collaboration


- Commitment

- Identify common problems and challenges

- Find resources internally and externally


Read more about the proposed working process in the final version of the report 'Potentials for cluster development within transport and logistics in the Green STRING Corridor  HERE



There is also a summary available in:

English summary

German summary (available from 01/12/2014)

Danish summary

Swedish summary



By Sandrina Lohse