Transport makes the World go round…
In the years to come, the STRING Region will experience huge investments in traffic infrastructure in the form of a fixed link across Fehmarn Belt, new railway lines and motorways in Denmark and Germany. Investments, which are expected to initiate better integration and economic growth in the region. The transport and logistics industry in the STRING Region is vital for capitalizing the benefits of these investments for the wider regional development and a new study from Roskilde University documents the size, location and turnover of the industry in the region.

Photo: Dennis Rosenfeldt

A vital corridor


25 pct. of all the transported volumes passing through the Port of Hamburg derive from Scandinavian export and import and 50 pct. of all container transport to and from Zealand passes in transit the ports of Hamburg and Bremerhaven. In 2010 the ferry route Rödby - Puttgarden transferred 350.000 trucks, and approximately 1/3 of the trucks passed in transit trough Zealand between the European Continent and Scandinavia - mainly Sweden. Another example of the magnitude of transport in the corridor at the individual company level is Freja Transport and Logistics; a medium sized Danish trucking and forwarding company. In 2011 Freja Transport and Logistics transferred approximately 15.000 trucks and trailers across the Fehmarn Belt. The STRING Corridor Öresund -Hamburg is, in other words, vital for the trade and transport flows at both regional and company level.


In order to capitalize the expected gains of better accessibility, reduced transit time and more efficient transport from the investments in new infrastructure, the STRING Region also depends on the availability of an agile and innovative logistics industry. The many different industries located in the STRING Region importing and exporting goods and services seldom organize their transport and logistics in-house. Most companies demanding transport and logistics services have outsourced these activities to external transport and logistics firms. An organizational and geographical proximity between major transport demanding industries and companies offering adequate transport and logistics services is therefore a vital necessity in keeping the STRING Region well-connected to European and global markets.


180.000 employed in diverse transport and logistics industry


A new analysis has looked closer on the transport and logistics industry in the STRING Region in line with this logic. The analysis has been conducted by Göran Serin and Markus Holzweber from Roskilde University and is part of the activities organized within the Green STRING Corridor project. Serin and Holzweber have documented in their study that the transport and logistics industry in the STRING Region employs approximately 180.000 people distributed on a number of sub-branches. A strong point in their study is the documentation of how different sub-branches, within the transport and logistics industry, develop differently in the different areas of the STRING region. Please click on the links below to have a look at the analysis


Part I:Preface, Summary, Content and Chapter 1:'The general development of the freight transport and logistics sector in the STRING region'



Part II:Chapter 2: 'Employment, turnover and firms in freight transport by road'



Part III:Chapter 3: Employment, turnover and firms in maritime freight transport in the STRING region'

Chapter 4: Employment, turnover and firms in freight rail transport in the STRING region

Chapter 5: Employment, turnover and firms in freight air transport in the STRING region

Chapter 6: Employment, turnover and firms in postal and courier activities 



Part IV:Chapter 7: Employment, turnover and firms in support activities for freight transport



Part V:Chapter 8: Conclusion

List of Figures


Annex 1 and 2


 RUS karta

Source: Serin & Holzweber, 2013


The main results from the study illustrates that the overall employment in the transport and logistics industry has been decreasing in recent years. But there are significant differences among the five STRING regions and across the sub-sectors of the transport and logistics industry. Hamburg is, not surprisingly, the main location for transport and logistics activities in the STRING Region and accounts for 40 pct. of the workforce in the industry. However, Region Scania and Schleswig-Holstein display a relatively constant size of employment and number of firms in the same period, although with distinct differences in the composition of sub-sectors. Schleswig-Holstein has thus a very prominent and specialized position within the postal and courier sector which accounts for more than a ¼ of the total number of 49.000 employed in the regional transport and logistics industry.


Haulage and maritime industries


In Region Zealand the haulage sector dominates the total number of firms and employment. But at the same time this sector is one of the sub-sectors suffering the greatest overall loss of jobs within the transport and logistics industry since the late 1990's. However, even the overall picture of the transport and logistics industry illustrates a decreasing number of employees, the turnover in many of the sub-sectors has been increasing and for some sub-sectors even the number of employees has been increasing - e.g. in logistics services like warehousing, third party logistics, postal and courier services.


The sub-sector displaying the greatest turnover is, without competition, the maritime sector. In the Capital Region of Denmark, it accounted for approximately 18 billion euro in 2010, while it in Hamburg accounted for approximately 15 billion euro. Interestingly, while the maritime industry in Hamburg accounted for approximately 14.000 employed, it only amounted to approximately 3.000 people in the Capital Region of Denmark. This clearly illustrates that, apart from location of headquarters and administration, the maritime activities of the Capital Region of Denmark are taking place on the global markets.


Many other interesting results about the structure and size of the transport and logistics industry in the STRING Region can be read in the interesting study by Serin and Holzweber. One perspective is the challenge of describing the role and function of the transport and logistics industry in connection with the performance and competitiveness for other industries. Using the traditional statistical categories does not fully represent the size and structure of the logistical activities, as also Serin and Holzweber note in their study. So it has not been possible within this study to include related activities from for example retailing and distribution - a major activity especially in the Öresund Region. In a forthcoming study by Roskilde University, within the Green STRING Corridor project, it is intended to find examples of industrial clusters where transport and logistics play a key-role for the performance. Examples of these industrial clusters in the STRING Region are the Swedish paper industry and its transport flows via ports in Southern Sweden and Northern Germany, the automobile import hub in Malmö Port or the retailing clusters west of Copenhagen.


Click HERE to see a factsheet concerning the analysis.


By Leif Gjesing Hansen